If any creature can lay claim to being nature’s perfect pest, it is rats. These rodents are found almost everywhere humans live and appear to be purposefully designed to infest human homes.
They cause property damage. They cause harm to businesses. They spoil food. They have been reported to bite. They are responsible for the spread of diseases. They can even destroy your garden.
Rat control in New Jersey is critical because the damage these vermin cause inside your home is costly. They urinate continuously as they move around, depositing toxic substances on your counters and other household surfaces.
The problem with rats is that if you let them spread, they will quickly multiply in number. They then cause various issues, such as contaminating food, chewing on wires, and spreading bacteria.
There are numerous products on the market to combat rats, but each mouse problem is unique, and only a trained expert will know the best approach for your home.
Rats and mice are rodents, so they appear similar; the main difference is their size. Rats are larger and heavier, whereas mice are smaller and slenderer. Mice have long, slender tails covered in hair, whereas rat tails are shorter, thicker, and hairless.
Because of their ability to adapt quickly to the human environment, three rodent species are the most common pests in homes and businesses worldwide:
The house mouse has several subspecies found in various parts of the world and is increasingly recognized as a distinct species. Still, they are all nearly indistinguishable from one another.
All rodents share identifying characteristics, such as a pair of incisor teeth in the upper jaw. They have short legs and long tails, but a closer examination of their body characteristics and habits reveals that they have distinguishable features that you can use to determine which pest is invading your property.
According to some zoologists, there are over 700 species of rats, but the Brown and Black rats are the most common in New Jersey, both of which are introduced species.
The primary distinction between them is that Brown rats are larger than Black rats. Furthermore, while Brown rats have thicker bodies, a tail that is shorter than the length of the head and body, a paler color underneath the tail, small hairy ears, and a blunt nose, Black rats have slender bodies, a tail that is longer than the length of the head and body, large thin ears, and a pointed nose.
And, as their names suggest, common Brown and Black rats have primarily brown and black fur, with some lighter fur on their bellies.
Rodents must constantly file down their sharp front teeth, and they do so by gnawing. Rats can gnaw through almost anything, including walls and food storage containers. This can make them difficult to keep out but also cause significant structural damage. This threat is exacerbated by rats’ proclivity to chew through wiring, which poses a significant fire risk.
Rats will eat almost anything if they believe it is safe to do so. This means that anything in your pantry, as well as anything in your trash, is fair game for a rat. Rats are also filthy as a result of their living conditions. This means that even uneaten food in a contaminated home could be contaminated.
“For every rat you see, there are fifty you don’t,” as the saying goes. This expression is not far from accurate. It is possible that you will notice signs of a rat infestation, such as droppings or wall damage, long before you see a rat. If you discover rats in your home, contacting a pest removal specialist is in your best interest.
Both rats and mice are omnivorous, but Brown rats and House mice prefer cereals, whereas Black rats prefer fruit and foods high in moisture:
While Brown rats prefer to live in burrows and on the ground, Black rats are mostly restricted to buildings near ports and on ships in temperate countries (hence the name “Ship rat” ):
Rats are most active 30 minutes before and after sunrise and sunset. They may, however, be seen scouring for food at any time of day.
A common misconception is that if you see a rat during the day, there must be a massive infestation nearby. In reality, rats only sleep for short periods and spend the rest of their waking hours searching for food. Seeing a rat during the day in your home or place of business says nothing about the severity of the infestation.
Rats do not have a distinct breeding season. This is why a rat infestation can spread so quickly in your New Jersey residence or place of business.
Noticing feces is a dead giveaway that you have a rat problem, but you may also hear scratching noises coming from the ceilings or even under the floorboards. Because rats are nocturnal, you will mostly hear them at night. Their gnawing makes a distinct sound, and their teeth grinding is difficult to ignore.
Because rats have poor vision, they try to stay along walls and use the surface as a guide. They leave an oily residue on the walls they frequently use. A professional exterminator is familiar with and can quickly identify this sign.
For centuries, rats have been linked to diseases. A rat bite can cause rat-bite fever and be extremely painful. Viruses are also known to be spread by rats. Their urine, in particular, can spread viruses when it dries.
They are also well-known for their intelligence. A rat can, in essence, memorize your home’s floor plan, giving it an uncanny ability to hide or re-enter if its usual path is blocked.
Ticks, another dangerous, disease-carrying pest, have been linked to rats. If a rat enters a human home, ticks can and frequently do switch carriers from rat to human.
All of these factors combine to make dealing with a rat and mouse infestation a nightmare. Of course, you can try to bait them, seal up entry points, and reclaim control of your home, but they are tenacious creatures, and keeping them out of a building necessitates various pest management and control methods. So, don’t be afraid to call in a professional if you have a rat infestation.
Hiring a pest control specialist is the best option if all else fails in dealing with an infestation.
Titan Pest Services is a commercial and residential pest control company. Among our clients are single-family homes, residential condominium complexes, luxury hotels, athletic stadiums, airports, food establishments, and other businesses.
Please contact us if you have any questions or need assistance keeping your home pest-free!