Everyone knows how vital bees are to our ecosystem. They are, however, capable of posing a threat to humans. Nobody wants to be stung, especially if they are allergic to bee stings. When bees invade your space, it is critical to identify who the invader is correctly.
Some species of bee live above ground, while others do so below. Each species’ colonies are also organized differently. Some bees are aggressive, while others are generally docile when left alone. A bee sting can be painful, causing swelling and irritation lasting for days.
Whatever the severity of the situation, the only way to have peace of mind is to remove the bees and hive from your property entirely. But before we get into how to deal with bees, let’s first look at what distinguishes them from one another.
It is estimated that there are 450 bee species in New Jersey state.
Obviously, you won’t have any issues with the majority of them. Most bees in New Jersey are harmless and will not sting you unless disturbed. Wasps and hornets, on the other hand, are more aggressive and, unlike bees, can sting you multiple times without dying. The most likely bees to worry about are:
Bees have rounder bodies covered in short, downy hairs, distinguishing them from wasps and hornets.
Wasps and hornets, unlike bees, have smooth, slim bodies with narrow waists. Because of their sleek design, they are better suited for hunting. Wasps and hornets feed on other insects and will scavenge for dead animals and trash. They adapt quickly to any available food source.
All wasps are hornets, but not all hornets are wasps. Hornets are the larger members of the wasp family. Furthermore, they typically have black backgrounds with white banding.
While the majority of bees in New Jersey nest on the ground, several species nest in preexisting cavities such as twigs, hollow stems, beetle burrows, or in locations above ground.
Mason bees, wool carder bees, and other resin bees are among the above-ground cavity nesters.
Carpenter bees are another important group of bees. These bees build their nests in wood or existing cavities. Males hover in front of their nests, which are usually found in fence posts, wooden park benches, and houses, and engage in aggressive territorial battles, making them easy to spot.
Each type of bee has distinct nesting preferences. Some prefer to nest in trees, while others prefer to nest underground or on buildings. Let us take a look at a few of them:
Honey Bees: Honey bees usually build their nests in tree crevices, but they will also build nests in attics or chimneys on occasion. Honey bees are most visible in the summer and late spring when new queens and thousands of workers leave their old colonies to build new nests in tree hollows or crevices.
At this time of year, large groups of bees can be seen swarming together in search of a new nesting location. While most swarms are harmless, some highly aggressive species may attack without provocation.
Bumblebees: Bumblebee colonies are small, with a dozen to several hundred workers. The majority of bumblebees nest in the ground in abandoned rodent burrows and shallow cavities excavated beneath patio stones, landscaping timber, compost piles, and dense patches of grass.
When above ground, they live in abandoned bird nests and fiberglass-insulated structural voids associated with outside walls, patio roofing, and decks.
Carpenter Bees: Carpenter bees are not social insects, and they build individual nests in trees, eaves, or the sides of buildings. Males and females spend the winter in old nest tunnels before emerging to mate in the spring.
The mated female chooses a suitable piece of wood for nest construction, while the male hovers around nest sites. A carpenter bee infestation is typically identified by a large amount of sawdust and pollen on the ground beneath the chewed and excavated area.
Bald-faced Hornet: The bald-faced hornet is likelier to build its large, paper nest near where humans live, work, and play. These hornets build gray-colored, egg-shaped nests that can grow quite large.
Worker hornets chew on natural wood fibers to build nests in the spring and early summer. And then, the nests are built by bald-faced hornets in trees, under eaves, around light structures on buildings, and inside children’s playhouses.
Yellowjackets: Yellowjackets are classified as either ground nesters (who frequently use old rodent burrows) or aerial nesters. Above-ground nests can be found on structures as well as among the leafy branches of trees and shrubs.
The nest is occasionally built on the side of a building, in wall voids, under eaves, crawlspaces, and attics. The entrance to the nest is usually a hole at the bottom.
Although these aerial nesters do not become scavengers in the fall, they are incredibly defensive if their nests are disturbed. It is crucial to find the nest by observing flight patterns to get rid of them.
Paper Wasp: Paper wasp nests are known to resemble upside-down umbrellas. Unlike yellow jacket nests, paper wasp nests are open and not completely covered.
Nests are commonly found on tree branches or under eaves, attic rafters, and porch ceilings. Because nests can be built directly on a home, these wasps have been known to enter through holes in attic vent screens or underneath shingles.
A bee hive usually rests on a shrub for a few days before moving on. If the bees are inside a roof vent, wall, eave, attic, or chimney, the sooner you remove them, the better.
Nest removal is essential to bee removal; otherwise, you may have a recurring problem. Bees use their wings to keep the honeycomb cool all day. If a bee colony is exterminated or extracted, the honey will melt into the structure if not removed.
This can result in visible stains and other damage. The abandoned hive may attract rodents, moths, and other insects. Furthermore, if the bees are not removed, the odor attracts new bee colonies, which infest the same area and other areas of the structure.
Don’t forget that the best way to keep bees away from your property is not to provide them with an ideal environment for survival. Honey bees build nests in a variety of places as long as they are protected and enclosed.
Fill any small gaps or crevices around your property with caulk to keep bees out, and ensure the screens on your windows and doors are in good condition.
Commercial properties are also attractive to bees. Wasps and hornets will forage in garbage cans, trees, and gardens for sugary foods and protein.
Stinging insects can endanger your employees and customers if they establish a nest on your property. Working with a professional is essential if you own a restaurant, retail store, or school.
Don’t attempt to destroy the beehive yourself!
Think twice before destroying the hive with a long pole, stick, or baseball bat! Even if you have a 50-foot pole, you will be in danger if you disturb a nest containing 30,000 to 50,000 bees.
You greatly increase your chances of being stung if you knock down the hive or disturb it in any way. This is not the proper way to get rid of bees and is highly discouraged!
DON’T spray water or insect repellent on the hive!
This method has two major flaws: first, it’s dangerous, and second, it won’t get rid of the bees. Don’t waste your time or jeopardize your health by spraying anything at the bees. Allow an expert to show you how to get rid of bees so you don’t have to.
DO contact a professional right away!
This is the most critical step in bee removal! If you have a bee problem, you must hire a professional bee removal expert to take care of the situation. Their experience, knowledge, and skills enable them to quickly and safely remove the bees, ensuring that no one is harmed.
The professional beekeeper will use special equipment and protective gear throughout the entire process, which is necessary for proper bee removal. This is not a job for amateurs, so always hire a professional.
DO leave the nest alone until a professional arrives!
The best way to avoid getting stung and preventing others from getting stung is to leave the beehive alone. If at all possible, avoid going near it.
They will not bother you if you keep your distance from them. Instead of worrying about how to get rid of bees on your own, wait for the professionals to arrive, and they will solve the problem quickly.
If all else fails, hiring a pest control professional to deal with an infestation is always the best option.
Titan Pest Services specializes in commercial and residential pest control. Single-family homes, residential condominium complexes, luxury hotels, athletic stadiums, airports, food establishments, and other businesses are among our clients.
If you have any questions or need assistance keeping your home pest-free, please contact us!